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Catalog Number 2015.02.0002
Object Name Deed, Land Transfer
Date 1799
Title 1799 Land Grant for 1,000 acres to John Brown
Scope & Content This land deed from 1799 is signed by President John Adams and Secretary of State, Timothy Pickering. This is a form document with the body of the text printed on parchment and the blanks hand filled in by a secretary (aside from the president's and secretary of state's signatures).

It transfers 1000 acres of Virginia Military Land (in Ohio) to John Brown. Virginia Revoluntionary War soldiers were given this land in lieu of payment for their war service. The soldiers are listed in the document. Many recipients of these Revolutionary War land bounties sold their western properties as they did not intend to move west. Brown acquired (likely by purchase) the land originally surveyed for Clement Biddle, August 10, 1797.

Secretary of War James McHenry inscribed the reverse with the soldiers' names and entitled the patent (the deed) to John Brown (where it originally was a land bounty granted to the soldiers listed).

[Transcription]

John Adams, President of the United States of America,
To all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting:

Know ye That, in consideration of military service performed by James Cary (a soldier for three years), Nicholas Wood, Charles Dobbins, James Lynch & William Davidson (all soldiers for the war) to the United States, in the Virginia Line on Continental Establishment, and in pursuance of an Act of the Congress of the United States, passed on the 10th day of August in the year 1790, entitaled [sic] "An Act to enable the Officers and Soldiers of the Virginia Line on Continental Establishment to obtain titles to certain Lands lying north-west of the River Ohio, between the little Miami and Sciota [sic]"; and another Act of the said Congress, passed on the 9th day of June in the year 1794, amendatory of the said Act, there is granted by the said United States unto John Brown ,________________________// ________________//__________________//__________________//___________________________//______
a certain tract of land, containing One Thousand acres __________________________//_____________
situate [sic] between the little Miami and Scioto Rivers, north-west of the River Ohio, as by survey, bearing date the Twentieth // day of March // in the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety four and founded and described as follows, to wit, Surveyed for Clement Biddle one thousand acres of land on several military warrants, to wit: on No 564, for one hundred acres, in favor of the said James Cary, on whose behalf Robert Bryson assigned the same to William Pennock, who assigned the same to the said Clement Biddle. On No 1033, for two hundred acres, in favor of the said Nicholas Wood, who assigned the same to William McIntosh, who assigned the same to William Pennock, who assigned the same to the said Clement Biddle. On No 1508, for two hundred acres, in favor of the said Charles Dobbins, who assigned the same to John DePriest, who assigned the same to William Pennock, who assigned the same to said Clement Biddle. On No 843, for two hundred acres, in favor of the said William Davidson, who assigned the same to Richard Claiborne, who assigned the same to the said Clement Biddle. On 1554, for one hundred acres, in [favor of the] said Benoni Perryman who assigned the same to John Stoughton ["who assigned"] [torn] No
the same to William Pennock, who assigned the same to the said Clement Biddle. On the waters of Paint Creek, Beginning at a Hickory and two Ashes, north corner to Edward Carrington's survey number eight hundred and forty one, & East corner to Abraham Hite's survey number eight hundred and thirty six running with Hite's line North forty five degrees West four hundred poles, crossing a Creek at one hundred and forty poles to a hickory, Ash, and Mulberry North corner to Hite, thence North forty five degrees East four hundred poles, crossing a branch at three hundred and sixty poles to two hickories thence South forty five degrees East four hundred poles crossing the Creek at forty poles to two black Oaks. // thence South forty five degrees West four hundred poles to the beginning, which said tract of land was assigned by the said Clement Biddle after survey thereof to the said John Brown, --------------- with the appurtenances :
To have and to hold the said tract of land, with the appurtenances unto the said John Brown //------//------------//------//-------- and his ----- heirs and assigns forever.

In Witness whereof, the said John Adams President
of the United States of America, hath caused the Seal of the United States to be here-
unto affixed, and signed the same with his hand at Philadelphia the fourteenth day of January in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety nine and of the Independence of the United States of Ame-
rica, the twenty third [ washed out -John ] Adams
By the President,
[very pale signature] Timothy Pickering
Secretary of State,


[On reverse, handwritten horizontally to the front side, on the left of center fold]


James Carey, Nicholas Woods, Charles Dobbins,
[James] Lynch [William] Davidson and Benoni Per
[ryman] [???]tty(?) billed to the hourly Cost
Patent to John Brown who
...der the said James Cary, Nicholas Wood
[washed out -- Charles Do]bbins, James lynch, William Davidson
[Benoni Perry]man
James McHenry
Secy. of War
[Fold]

Recorded [washed out] form of the Department of State in
Volume 1 page [illegible] C of lands granted to the Virginia
lines [and?] Carrl [illegible--washed out] b establishment.
Jacob Wagner, Ch .Clk.



People John Adams
John Brown
Clement Biddle
James Cary
Nicholas Woods
James Lynch
William Davidson
Richard Claibourne
William McIntosh
William Pennock
Timothy Pickering
James McHenry
Search Terms Ohio
Scioto River
Miami River
Virginia Military Land
Revolutionary War
Land Grants